A week with Linux
This is a continuation of my introductory vent. I briefly spoke about the motivations behind switching from Mac OS to Linux full time. Today, I’ll try to describe all the gotchas and the surprises that really caught me off guard.
This post has been granted with a follow-up at: Accessing your home computer remotely (now, months with Linux)
The idea to get a PC machine was born once a friend showed me the iMac Pro press release. That was the main trigger. I really wanted all it had to offer, but I could not justify the price and the quirks I knew were included.
I am a professional software developer. I’m not a rockstar by any means, yet, I’m pretty sure top notch hardware/tools is something I just need to have in order to get my job done well, just like everyone else investing dedication and care in their craft.
The older I get, the more freedom-factor matters to me, too. There is some truth to the meme, that with Apple, you don’t own anything, you just lease a computer and the OS.
I don’t have any social media accounts anymore (ya, rly). I use isolated gmail occasionally for work (with Firefox containers) and every day I’m getting closer to The Glorious Internet Slow Food Nirvana. I really appreciate the room for focus and creativity it brings to the table.
I used to work on Macs for the past decade or so. I fell in love with Tiger at first - it had just the right defaults. It was downhill from there though.
The time has come. I figured I want Linux at home. On a PC.
I travel every quarter and that’s the only time I really need a laptop, so
whatever mobile hardware I’ll have, as long as I can
ssh dadcave, I’m good.
After a few weeks of research, I finally got a pretty solid idea of what I wanted to go with. A simplified decision map is as follows:
Not Intel. No known flaws (that recent shit storm reads like stock-maniuplating attempt), no Spectre/Meltdown AFAIK, no random crashes. Not bad reviews and sexy benchmarks at Phoronix.
I considered Ryzen series first, but the faulty batch with parallel compilation segfaults made me anxious enough to pass on it. People reported problems with Ryzen and Erlang – that was obviously a deal breaker for me.
I did want many cores to abuse the hell out of the Erlang VM SMP. Also to annoy friends with casual
htopscreenshots online, obviously.
I did not care about the GPU. I’m not here to mine brocoins. Games? Bloodborne on PS4 is the game I’m going to play for the next year or two. I don’t need to play games on my computer. I want to learn & experiment on it.
Whatever is able to display 4k at 60Hz is great. I hope HiDPI on Linux works. I read it’s not that great
Your mileage may vary. But people mainly use laptops, aren’t they? They also want to run everything under the sun, don’t they?
I’m willing to take the risk. The real reason I stuck to Macs for so long, was the Retina re(s/v)olution. Crystal clear things I look at, at least 8h/day. Yeah. Need that.
I read online that AMD/Asus chips are usually a safe bet with Linux. Same goes for GPUs.
HiDPI was the biggest gamble for me. Luckily, all I need is a terminal and some webapps I don’t really get the right to choose (resource hungry electron shit). I mainly play around with software, listen to music, communicate with people I work with. That’s it. I’m familiar with Linux, I can surely imagine the pain I’m getting myself into. E.g. I don’t expect drag & drop to uniformly work everywhere and I realize that consistent keyboard shortcuts across the whole system may be a pipe dream. I’ll do my best to mitigate those issues.
I want to play it safe. I still keep my Macbook around, just in case. It’s dying, after 3 years of heavy usage. Let’s have a minute of silence… nope, can’t have it, the fans are too loud.
I’ll try to keep it alive until I’m fully transitioned to freedom.
That was pure unix porn. Yet, I don’t think I trust myself enough to fiddle with $1k processor and all its mechanical quirks (especially cooling - the last time I dug in a PC was 15 or 20 years ago; pretty sure I’d underestimate the challenge nowadays).
At this point, I was good to go. I did not care much about the case, the power supply (“can I have a good one please?”) etc. PCPartPicker was insanely helpful with their reviews and ratings. You should check it out if you’re planning to build/get a PC. There’s also buildapc subreddit too, with tons of excellent data points.
I went to a PC shop. They were insanely helpful with recommending me peripherals I had no true interest in (case, cooling etc.). I told the consultant I’m not really into flashy LED stuff, but I don’t mind either. What I really need is to make sure everything fits together, just works™ and gives me plenty of space for future upgrades.
To give you the idea - the assembly service was 80 PLN which is a roughly an equivalent of 20 EUR. Yup, I’m down.
Now, the consultancy (aka “PC Genius” service) - I spent over two hours placing the final order, discussing various aspects of the setup with a super friendly assistant.
The setup I eventually got is as follows:
- Display: LG 27UD69P-4k - search
- Processor: Ryzen Threadripper 1920X - search
- Mobo: X399 Aorus Gaming 7 - search
- Case: Corsair Crystal Series 570X RGB - search
- Cooling: Be Quiet! Silent Loop 360 water cooler - search
- PSU: Be Quiet! 750W Straight Power 11 - search
- RAM: 16GB 3000MHz XPG Dazzle CL16 - search
- GPU: Radeon RX 560 EVO - search
- Disk: Samsung SSD 250 960 EVO M.2 - search
I had to wait over 30 days for the box to arrive for pick-up, assembled.
This thing is large and heavy. You better empty your trunk if you decide to follow my footsteps. Or get a home delivery service (I don’t trust them much, so there’s the empty trunk).
The PC was running almost flawlessly (
dmesgwas indicating some mysterious PCI BUS failures however). Three days in, it shut down. Forever. I naively suspected PSU failure, but was too scared to check on my own. Returned the god damned thing.
It took a warranty replacement (faulty GigaByte motherboard -
dmesgdid not lie to me) + reassembly. The box came back in after extra 14 days.
Summary: I had to wait roughly 2 months to get it up and running, stable. Incredibly frustrating, but I knew my only real alternative was to lease from the Apple store again – a big “nope”.
The setup cost was comparable to a macbook pro. And ~4x less than the iMac Pro, easy. Hi 24 cores.
I was happily editing my
i3config when the box shut down, out of the blue. It was late at night – 1 or 2 am. I’ve sent an e-mail of disappointment to the consultant who recommended me the setup. That person replied 15 minutes later, assuring me about the replacement ETA. I really don’t think people should be working stupid hours, but I have to say – I very much appreciate the effort and responsiveness. Shout out to x-kom.
HiDPI was not a problem. I have a retina linux, hands down. Java apps probably won’t scale and will look tiny or worse. I don’t care at this point.
Solus Budgie – my distro of choice – worked out of the box.
In the meantime, I figured I don’t really want a mac clone and i3 is the right WM for me. I had to tweak a few things here and there, but hey, after all - I had time (over 45 days) to read about the quirks online.
I’ve also spent many evenings, running Solus on a macbook, mainly due to boredom and frustration. Having a “fake it till you break it” playground environment helped a lot. Here I am editing this post, while downloading my Android photos via
I was ready for a year of tweaking. Today I feel like I have a life time of tweaking ahead. I got a reasonable work flow setup (including all the must-haves such as Team Viewer, Slack, hand-made Fastmail electron app etc.) in a week or two. If there’s any advice I can give, it’s you should really put your dotfiles on VCS and make sure you can switch between platforms with little to no effort. What I do is:
- work on a platform specific branch
- use a
Makefilethat is a thin wrapper around GNU Stow; that allows me to quickly deploy and retract configs without causing any damage
The only truly annoying Linux bug in Solus (or, more likely – systemd) is, it won’t start pulseaudio if I login too fast. I have to wait like 3 seconds before I type my password in and I’m good to go. This is really the most annoying bug from all the bugs I’ve encountered thus far. I really can live with that.
I work remotely. Sound quality is essential for calls. We often spend 4-5 hours on a call when pair programming. Apogee Mic 96k, that is, supposedly, a dedicated mac microphone, worked out of the box. So has the Steelseries mouse. I’m in awe.
It looks awesome and makes my dad cave complete.
Getting a good PC was not easy, but yet, the best decision ever. My macbook feels like a fisher price toy now. I’m having the time of my life working and learning at the same time.
Sure, things aren’t as polished UX-wise as one would expect from a premium vendor. But the thing is, you’re really in control this time.
And open source enthusiasts are doing great job. Send them a love letter or a tweet of appreciation if you’re into social media. I’ll just keep looking forward to the new kernel/OS releases :-).
To be continued
I have plenty of stuff queued up, that’s potentially interesting:
- making HHKB work “as expected” on Linux, coming from a Mac Keyboard Layout; shortcuts like CMD+C/CMD+V mostly work system-wide when properly hacked. That’s a good news, isn’t it? But wait, there’s more!
- hacking Xorg/X11 - surprisingly there’s not much to do in 2018 with distros like Solus, but (…)
tmuxvs tiling window manager, and whether it does make sense to use both (yup!)
- Linux and Multimedia, e.g. how to make screencasts, record songs, manage large photo libraries and all that complex stuff. I have to make sure I have a good understanding of pulseaudio vs ALSA first :-)
systemd. People hate it. Also, some don’t. Let’s find out!
- Is Elxir compiler CPU-bound? Will it scale with Threadripper’s SMP?
- The BIOS (UEFI). It’s Sci-Fi these days, supports mouse, over the USB upgrades, mounting network disks and real-time charts. WTF happened to computers while I was gone?
If you feel curious about any of the above, send me an e-mail. It’s in the